The Seven Elements of Art: Texture

Most of us know that children touch everything. The textures of objects are so interesting to them that they must explore it with their hands. Texture in
art and design can have the

same effect for anyone, inviting the viewer to touch or imagine the texture in their minds.

Texture refers to the surface quality of a shape. We often describe objects as rough, smooth, glossy, soft, etc. Texture can be tactile,

or visual.

Tactile texture, or physical texture, is that you can actually feel with your hand. You can run a finger across

the bumpiness of built up paint or the roughness of shingles. Monet is famous for his use of tactile texture, which makes the water lilies look as if they are popping out subtly from the canvas. Visual texture is an illusion of physical texture. The viewer gains a clear impression in their minds of what the surface might feel like, based on the materials used in the piece.

Variation in texture can make a design or work of art more interesting. If the creative work had the same texture throughout, it could be perceived as boring and predictable, but if relief is given from a texture, than the work will have more impact.

So if you are not used to touchy-feely stuff, try playing around with various textures in your home such as incorporating a wicker chair or embellished wooden furniture. Invite the viewer to feel your art or designs with their imaginations, to want to explore it just like a child.

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